The best way to understand ADHD is to establish what it is not. First up it is not because of your child’s laziness or disobedience or even due to bad parenting. Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder is a biological condition due to which the children are unable to sit still and concentrate.
Many areas of the brain control the child’s ability to concentrate. In a child with ADHD, these areas may be less active and develop more slowly or lately. The best evidence for this occurs in the frontal lobe or the front part of the brain. This results in the imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain. This explains the reason for the troubles that your child may have socially than his fellow mates.
ADHD is a lifelong condition and the symptoms may change over time. This does not mean that your child cannot lead a happy and successful life. Many treatment options and effective strategies are available to manage the symptoms in the child. Not all options work the same as kids are all different. You can get to know the right option by trial and error to check which fits best for your child and family.
Types of ADHD
When they hear of this disorder, the words out of control and hyperactive comes to mind for many people. The diagnosis becomes puzzling when your child doesn’t have the symptoms of this disorder. Kids who don’t appear to be hyperactive cannot be diagnosed in the early stages.
There are three types of attention deficit hyperactive disorder. One of the type does not include symptoms of either hyperactive or impulsive behavior.
- Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive presentation: Kids who have this type show symptoms of hyperactivity and also feel the need to be on move more often. They also have problems with impulse control.
- Predominantly Inattentive type: Kids with this type of ADHD have trouble paying attention. They will not have issues with either hyperactivity or impulsiveness. But they can get easily distracted. This can be sometimes refer to as attention deficit disorder also.
- Combined Type: This type occurs more commonly. Kids suffering from this type appear to have all of the above symptoms.
How common is ADHD?
It is one of the most common conditions which occurs in childhood that involves the brain. It affects about 5 percent of kids according to DSM and 5 to 11 % according to CDC’s survey. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with this disorder than girls.